Practice test D

Multiple Choice

Click on the cirlce in front of the appropriate response. There is only one correct response for each question. Make sure you answer each question.
  1. Hydrostatic equilibrium is an equilibrium between 

  2. a. hydrogen and carbon.
    b. water, hydrogen, and oxygen.
    c. gravity and outward pressure.
    d. water and electric (static) charge.

  3. Fusion in the Sun occurs between 

  4. a. protons.
    b. electrons and protons.
    c. electrons and neutrons.
    d. neutrons and protons.
    e. electrons.

  5. The absorption line spectrum of the Sun comes from the

  6. a. interior.
    b. photosphere.
    c. chromosphere.
    d. corona.

  7. What is the period of the Sun's oscillation?

  8. a. 1 minute
    b. 5 minutes
    c. 1 hour
    d. 5 hours
    e. 25 days

  9. If a star has a parallax of 0.75 seconds of arc, what is its approximate distance in parsecs?

  10. a. 0.75
    b. 1.3
    c. 4.3
    d. 18

  11. What information can be obtained from the motion of an optical binary?

  12. a. only the masses of the stars
    b. the masses and radii of the stars
    c. only the radii of the stars
    d. no information, since it is not a true binary system

  13. An H-R diagram is a plot of

  14. a. heat versus radius.
    b. luminosity versus radius.
    c. mass versus temperature.
    d. luminosity versus temperature.
    e. mass versus luminosity.

  15. From knowledge of only a star's temperature and luminosity, we can determine its

  16. a. mass.
    b. radius.
    c. distance.
    d. period of rotation.
    e. rotational velocity.

  17. If the interior temperature of a star decreases, the star will

  18. a. do nothing - that is, remain the same.
    b. contract.
    c. expand.
    d. cease to exist as a star but cool off to become a planet.

  19. Stars evolve because of changes in

  20. a. chemical composition of the core.
    b. luminosity of the star.
    c. mass of the star.
    d. chemical composition of the surface.
    e. surface temperature.

  21. H-H objects are associated with 

  22. a. Giant Molecular clouds
    b. supernova
    c. nova
    d. T Tauri stars

  23. A main sequence star of spectral type A2 will be on the main sequence ______ than a F2 main sequence star.

  24. a. shorter
    b. longer
    c. for the same time
    d. It is not possible to answer this question without more information

  25. Bipolar outflow can occur during

  26. a. star formation.
    b. the main sequence life of a star.
    c. supernova.
    d. the red giant phase.

  27. Helium burning requires a temperature of

  28. a. 100 thousand K.
    b. 1 million K.
    c. 10 million K.
    d. 100 million K.
    e. 1 billion K.

  29. A planetary nebula is 

  30. a. a collapsing gas cloud out of which planets will form.
    b. an expanding gas cloud that was ejected by a star.
    c. the cloud of gas blown off by a T Tauri type star.
    d. a gas cloud which goes into the formation of red giants.

  31. Once iron has formed in the core of a star

  32. a. there is an increased production of energy as atoms fuse together.
    b. more and more nuclear energy is produced as fission occurs.
    c. the core expands and cools.
    d. no further energy producing reactions can occur.
    e. it soon becomes a white dwarf.

  33. The most massive stars are thought to end up as

  34. a. black holes.
    b. planetary nebulae.
    c. neutron stars.
    d. white dwarfs.

  35. A white dwarf is about the diameter of 

  36. a. the Sun.
    b. a red supergiant.
    c. a red dwarf.
    d. the Earth.
    e. the Moon.

  37. Stellar remnants with masses between 2 and 3 solar masses will be

  38. a. white dwarfs.
    b. neutron stars.
    c. black holes.
    d. planetary nebulae.

  39. If the Sun were suddenly to be replaced by a solar-mass black hole the gravitational force on the Earth (1 A. U. away) would 

  40. a. double.
    b. become so strong that the Earth would be "sucked" into the black hole.
    c. decrease because black holes cause gravity at large distances to disappear.
    d. remain the same.

    Fill In

    Place the most appropriate word or words in the blank. You may have to click on the blank to activate it before you start typing in your answer.
  41. The word for the transfer of energy by mass motion is .

  42. The spotty appearance of the solar surface caused by convection in the layers just below is called .

  43. Binary stars discovered by means of their Doppler shifts are known as .

  44. classified over 200,000 stars in the Henry Draper Catalog.

  45. The movement of energy from one location to another by means of photon movement is called .

  46. A young star still associated with the interstellar material from which it formed, typically exhibiting brightness variations and a stellar wind, is called a(n) .

  47. The hydrogen reaction that forms helium is known as .

  48. The end product of the Sun's evolution will be a(n).

  49. A star that temporarily flares up in brightness, most likely as the result of nuclear reactions caused by the deposition of new nuclear fuel on the surface of a white dwarf in a binary system is called a(n) .

  50. The "surface'' of a black hole; the boundary of the region from within which no light can escape is called the .

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