Hanging in a row,
On a tiny clothesline,
In the woods you grow.
Rain and dew will wash you.
Soil and dirt will go away.
Sun and wind will dry you.
On a sunny day.
This wildflower blooms in rich woods from April to May.
Early bumblebees come for the nectar of the flowers and polinate them.
Dutchman's Breeches Leaves
Photography by Loretta Kuse
Dutchman's Breeches Bibliography
Poppy Family (Papaveraceae)
Cavanna, B. (1961). The first book of wild flowers. New York: Franklin Watts, pp. 52-53.
Cooper, W. (1971). Wild flowers of Pinicon Ridge Park. Linn County, Iowa: Linn County Conservation Board, p. 7.
Courtenay, B., & Zimmerman, J. (1978). Wildflowers and weeds: A field guide in full color. New York: Prentice Hall, pp. 22-23.
Dana, Mrs. W. (1989). How to know the wild flowers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, pp. 14-15, 258-259.
Edsall, M. (1985). Roadside plants and flowers. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 110-111.
Everett, T. (Ed.). (1968). Reader's Digest complete book of the garden. Pleasantville, New York: The Reader's Digest Association, pp. 530; 546.
Forey, P. (1990). American nature guides: Wild flowers. London: Dragon's World Ltd., p. 44.
Foster, S., & Duke, J. (1990). A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern and central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp. 12- 13.
Gottscho, S. (1951). The pocket guide to the wildflowers: How to identify and enjoy them. New York: Pocket Books, pp. 13, 113, 121.
Newcomb, L. (1977). Necomb's wildflower guide. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, pp. 34-35.
Niering, W. (1979). The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: Eastern region. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 114, 672- 673.
Peterson, R. T. & McKenny, M. (1968). A field guide to wildflowers of northeastern and north-central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp. 72-73.
Podendorf, I. (1955). The true book of weeds and wild flowers. Chicago: Childrens Press, p. 36.
Porter, C. (1967). Taxonomy of flowering plants. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, pp. 268-269.
Rickett, H. (1953). Wild flowers of America: 400 flowers in full color. New York: Crown Publishers, p. 31, Plate 147.
Runkel, S., & Bull, A. Wildflowers of Iowa woodlands. Ames: Iowa State University Press, pp. 28-29, 39.
Venning, F. (1984). A guide to field identification: Wildflowers of North America. New York: Golden Press, pp. 80-81.
Zim, H., & Martin, A. (1987). Flowers: A guide to familiar American wildflowers. New York: Golden Press, p. 126.
Resources compiled by Dr. Loretta Kuse