Birch Family

Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana

This tree grows to be between twenty and forty feet tall. It is also known as hop hornbeam. Compact clusters of scaly fruits look like those of the hop plant. The fruits are eaten by a variety of birds and rabbits and deer like to nibble the twigs.

The leaves look like those of an elm tree.

The tree has scaly, brown bark. The tough wood was often used to make tool handles.


Resources compiled by Dr. Loretta Kuse