Walnut Family


Juglans cinerea

This tree is also known as the white walnut. The wood is not as dark as that of the black walnut and the sap is sweet. Butternut trees seldom live to be over seventy-five years of age because a fungus causes the tree to die. The tree in the center is a bitternut. On either side are two butternut trees.

Butternut trees lose their leaves in late summer or early fall. Note the two bare butternut trees at the left.


The leaves look like those of the black walnut but do not have the distinctive smell of that tree. The nuts are egg-shaped and the meat has a smooth, buttery taste. The nuts are eaten by squirrels and people. Dye can be made from the husks of the nut and the bark of the tree.

Resources compiled by Dr. Loretta Kuse