Photography by Loretta Kuse

 Bluebird sitting among apple blossoms

Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis)


Baker, J. (1941). (Ed.). The Audubon guide to attracting birds. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Doran and Company, pp. 116-118.

Brooks, E. (Ed.). (1938). The Audubon year book. (Vol. 16). Noblesville, Indiana: Indiana Audubon society for conservation of bird life, pp. 35, 44, 56, 92.

Brown, W. (1963). It's fun to have the birds around. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Wendell Brown, pp. 17-19.

Bull, J., & Farrand, J. (1977). The Audubon society field guide to North American birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 440, 516.

Carson, L. (1959). Introduction to our bird friends. Topeka, Kansas, Stauffer Publications, p. 32.

Chapman, F. (1966). Handbook of birds of eastern North America. New York: Dover, pp. 123, 133, 376, 419.

Dew, T. (1986). Bluebirds: Their daily lives and how to attract and raise bluebirds. Jackson, Miss: Nature Books Publishers.

Farrand, J. (1988). Eastern birds. New York: McGraw-Hill, p. 393.

Farrand, J. (1988). How to identify birds. New York: McGraw-Hill, p. 256.

Harrison, H. (1975). Birds' nests. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 162.

Hausman, L. (1948). Field guide for birds, wild flowers, and nature study. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, p. 57.

Henderson, C. ( ). Woodworking for wildlife: Homes for birds and mammals. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota's Bookstore, pp. 7-8, 26, 28.

Henderson, L. (1946). A child's book of birds. New York: Maston Publishers, p. 7.

King, J. (1938). The Audubon book of birds for coloring. Racine, Wisconsin: Whitman, p. 4.

Lambert, M., & Pearson, A. (1985). An instant guide to birds. New York:

Bonanza Books, p. 67.

Lemmon, R. (1952). Our amazing birds. New York: Doubleday, pp. 21-22.

McElroy, T. (1960). The new handbook of attracting birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 103-105.

Pearson, T. (Ed.) Birds of America. Garden City, New York: Garden City Publishing Company, Inc., Plate 12, Part III, pp. 241-243, Plate 106.

Peterson, R. (1963). The birds. New York: Time, pp. 105, 140.

Peterson, R. (1980). A field guide to the birds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, pp. 220, M266.

Pettingill, O. (1953). A guide to bird finding west of the Mississippi. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 45, 200, 201, 214, 222, 260, 281, 332, 338, 431, 433, 436, 439.

Pough, R. (1949). Audubon bird guide: Small land birds. New York: Doubleday, pp. 121-122, Plate 19.

Proctor, N. (1988). Songbirds: how to attract them and identify their songs. Emmaus, Pennsylvania: Rodale Press, p. 83.

Robbins, C., Bruun, B., & Zim, H. (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Golden Press, pp. 234-235.

Scheffel, R. (Ed.). (1991). Nature in America. Pleasantville, New York: Reader's Digest, pp. 46-47.

Udvardy, M. (1977). The Audubon society field guide to North American birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 810-811.

Webb, A. (1947). Birds in their homes. Garden City, New York: Garden City Books, p. 41.

Welty, J. (1964). The life of birds. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, pp. 287, 337.

Zeleny, L. (1976). The bluebird. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Zim, H. & Gabrielson, I. (1956). Birds. New York: Golden Press, pp. 16, 88, 144-145.

Video Tapes

Bluebirds Up Close. Nature Science Network, Inc., 108 High Street, Carrboro, NC 27510.

Audubon Society's Video Guide to Birds of North America: IV. #366, Nature Science Network, Carrboro, NC 27510.


Arden, M. (1975). Bluebird trail. The Iowan. 23, (3), 4-7.

Carpenter, B. (1992). Happy trails to you bluebirds. WildBird, 6 (3), 12-13.

Harrison, B. (1992). Building a natural-looking bluebird nest box for

photography. WildBird, 6 (3), 42-44.

Shalaway, S. (1992). Nest box fever. WildBird, 6 (3), 48-51.

Risch, P. (May 6, 1987). Bird club aims to bring bluebirds back to this area. The Star News.

Risch, P. (June 3, 1987). Eastern bluebirds are now in peak nesting season.

The Star News.

Shalaway, S. (1994). Conservation trails: Nest box trails create important sites for cavity nesting birds. WildBird, 8 (3), 32-35.

Smith, H. (1994). One nest box trail can make a difference. Wildbird, 8 (3),


Stone, L. (June 16, 1985). Bluebirds find new homes with humans as landlords. The Des Moines Register, p. 3B.

Turner, A. (1992). Bluebirds. WildBird, 6 (3), 67-68.

Resources compiled by Dr. Loretta Kuse
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